Surrogacy is when another woman carries and gives birth to a baby for the couple who want to have a child.The HFEA does not regulate surrogacy.Surrogacy may be appropriate if you have a medical condition that makes it impossible or dangerous to get pregnant and to give birth.
Intended parents may seek a surrogacy arrangement when either pregnancy is medically impossible, pregnancy risks present an unacceptable danger to the mother's health or is a same sex couples preferred method of procreation. Monetary compensation may or may not be involved in these arrangements. If the surrogate receives compensation beyond reimbursement of medical and other reasonable expenses, the arrangement is considered commercial surrogacy; otherwise, it is referred to as altruistic. The legality and costs of surrogacy vary widely between jurisdictions, sometimes resulting in interstate or international surrogacy arrangements.
Types of surrogacy
- Gestational surrogacy (GS)
- Gestational surrogacy with embryo from both intended parents (GS/IP)
- Gestational surrogacy and egg donation (GS/ED)
- Gestational surrogacy and donor sperm (GS/DS)
- Gestational surrogacy and donor embryo (GS/DE)
- Traditional surrogacy (TS)
- Traditional surrogacy and donor sperm (TS/DS)
The type of medical conditions that might make surrogacy necessary for you include:
- absence or malformation of the womb
- recurrent pregnancy loss
- repeated in vitro fertilisation (IVF) implantation failures
Full surrogacy (also known as Host or Gestational) - Full surrogacy involves the implantation of an embryo created using either:
- the eggs and sperm of the intended parents
- a donated egg fertilised with sperm from the intended father
- an embryo created using donor eggs and sperm.
Partial surrogacy (also known Straight or Traditional) - Partial surrogacy involves sperm from the intended father and an egg from the surrogate. Here fertilisation is (usually) done by artificial insemination or intrauterine insemination (IUI).